Prior to the invention of the printing press in 1440, originals and copies of books about drugs (and every other topic) were laboriously written down by hand. This was no easy task given the length of some of the world’s classic medical and science texts such as the five-volume encyclopedia of herbal medicine, De Materia Medica, penned by Pedanius Dioscorides between 40-80 CE.
After the printing press became more mainstream, information about alcohol (and other drugs) flowed more freely and easily, as did the alcohol itself. For example, in 1512 CE, Hieronymus Braunschweig published The Big Book on Distillation. Soon afterward, distilling alcohol moved from the realm of monasteries and apothecaries to include artisans and merchants. An alcohol industry was being born. This was followed by a rise in alcohol consumption.
• Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to: ask questions; gather, interpret and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions
• Assess the significance of people, places, events and developments at particular times and places
• Characterize different time periods in history, including periods of progress and decline, and identify
key turning points that mark periods of change
• Determine what factors led to particular decisions, actions and events, and assess their short- and
• Make ethical judgments about past events, decisions and actions, and assess the limitations of
drawing direct lessons from the past
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