For centuries, kings and governments have waged wars. And wars are expensive. One of the primary ways to pay for war has been to collect taxes.
By the end of the American War of Independence, the total debt incurred by the new nation and its individual states was around $65 million. Faced with this massive debt, the Secretary of the Treasury needed to come up with revenue so he introduced a series of taxes including an excise tax on whisky. But the small farmers in Pennsylvania started to talk rebellion and the United States government raised an army to fight its own people.
Links to Curriculum
First Peoples’ principles of learning
• Learning ultimately supports the well-being of the self, the family, the community, the land, the spirits, and the ancestors
• Learning is holistic, reflexive, reflective, experiential, and relational (focused on connectedness, on reciprocal relationships, and a sense of place)
• Learning involves recognizing the consequences of one’s actions
• Learning is embedded in memory, history, and story
Social Justice 12 Big ideas
• Individual worldviews shape and inform the understanding of social justice issues
• The causes of social injustice are complex and have lasting impacts on society
• Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; gather, interpret, and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions
• Assess and compare the significance of people, places, events, or developments at particular times and places, and determine what is revealed about issues of social justice in the past and present (significance)
• Ask questions and corroborate inferences about the content, origins, purposes and context of multiple sources and multiple perspectives (evidence)
• Compare and contrast continuities and changes for different groups and individuals in different times and places (continuity and change)
• Determine and assess the long and short term causes and consequences of an event, legislative and judicial decision, development, policy, and movement (cause and consequence)
• Explain different perspective on past and present people, places, issues and events and distinguish between worldviews of the past or present (perspective)
• Recognize implicit and explicit ethical judgments in a variety of sources (ethical judgment)
• Make reasoned ethical judgments about controversial actions in the past and present after considering the
context and standards of right and wrong (ethical judgment)
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